Below are webinar descriptions and supporting materials for this series. Evidence-based programs and practices EBPs still have to be implemented with fidelity and integrity in order to be successful. Unfortunately, implementation is not an easy task.
March — Regional Focus Issue: This paper examines the experiences of Universitas Terbuka UTwhich has initiated and implemented an innovative strategy of quality assurance QA for continuous improvement.
The credo of the UT quality assurance system is "We write what we do. We do what we write. This has taken a great deal of commitment and participation of all staff involved.
This paper concludes that quality assurance must be developed as institutional policy and strategy for continuous improvement.
Quality assurance; continuous improvement; quality management; distance higher education; open university Introduction Over the past few years, there has been significant growth of quality assurance QA activities aimed towards improving higher education on institutional, national, regional, and global levels.
Public and institutional stakeholders seeking accountability in higher education have encouraged governments to establish national quality assurance and accreditation agencies. However, while the definition of quality assurance may differ, all quality assurance terminology shares a common purpose in ensuring that students receive a high quality and relevant education and awarded credentials that are widely recognized by governments and employers.
Quality assurance has been defined as "systematic management and assessment procedures adopted by higher education institutions Research paradigm of enrollment system systems in order to monitor performance against objectives, and to ensure achievement of quality outputs and quality improvements" Harman,p.
Quality assurance facilitates recognition of the standards of awards, serves public accountability purposes, helps inform student choice, contributes to improved teaching learning and administrative processes, and helps disseminate best practices with the goal of leading to overall improvement of higher education systems.
Setting common standards and evaluation criteria, however, must take into account diversity and plurality of higher education within national, as well as regional systems. Higher education institutions are challenged to develop new visions, new forms of collaboration across institutions and nations Harman, They further identify four main types of "quality values" they determine to underpin different approaches to quality assurance: In general, the term QA refers to a process of defining and fulfilling a set of quality standards consistently and continuously with the goal of satisfying all consumers, producers, and the other stakeholders.
It includes the regulation of the quality of raw materials, assemblies, products and components; services related to production; and management, production, and inspection processes.
QA programs typically include peer or utilization review procedures to remedy any identified deficiencies in quality Wikipedia, n. In many countries, stakeholders have been placing high expectations on their educational systems, compelling institutions to produce higher quality products, services, processes, and by extension, students and graduates.
Governments have also been seeking increased levels of accountability from their publicly funded educational institutions. Thus, it is clearly imperative that educational institutions continuously improve the quality of their educational provision UT, As societies evolve from the post-industrial era to the information age, DE has also been similarly evolving.
As a result, concerns about the quality of DE provisions have been of central importance and subject to study. For instance, interactive communication between and among students and tutors is now being emphasized Belawati, Since the s, quality assurance in distance and higher education has gained serious attention by institutions, stakeholders, and scholars.
In response to QA line of inquiry, institutions have begun to re-define and re-orient their institutional missions and strategic visions to incorporate and address quality issues. Stakeholders interested in ODL have become increasingly interested in quality assurance issues.
Learners are demanding better quality educational services and provisions. This means ODL providers must pay close attention to quality in terms of products, processes, production, delivery systems, and philosophy COL, Quality improvement becomes imperative for ODL providers, and governments have established quality agencies to improve the quality of educational practice.
Pressures for quality improvement have emerged from both internal and external parties. Internally, ODL institutions are being challenged to undertake continuous improvement from within. Moreover, for many ODL institutions funding and student enrollment levels depend on quality of their bottom line performance and the quality of the services they offer.
Judging the quality of ODL products is relatively easy, however. The course materials, which are often the primary means of engaging learners, are tangible and open to scrutiny by students and other interested parties.
Indeed, it is much easier to judge the quality of a tangible product of say, a course syllabus and curriculum, than of less tangible aspects such as learning process, teamwork, or management COL, Clearly, quality in ODL covers a number of aspects, which along with the physical products, includes pedagogical processes, production and delivery systems, and philosophy COL, Quality of products includes course materials, number of graduates, examination pass rates, admission in further studies, and so forth.
Quality of processes covers areas such as learning and teaching processes, advising students, coordinating external course and test item writers, networking with regional offices, managing student information.
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Quality of production and delivery systems includes course production, print and multimedia production, test item production, scheduling, warehousing and stock control, getting materials to students, and broadcast transmissions.
Quality of philosophy covers such things as ODL vision, mission and policy statements, institutional culture, governance, corporate culture, and public image COL, In terms of products, the quality of ODL varies from one institution to another, depending on priorities, resources, size, and the student body of which it aims to serve COL, For instance, ODL institutions in developed countries typically use ICT-based courses, while institutions in developing countries use printed materials as its primary medium of instructional delivery.
The use of ICT in ODL in the developing country such as Indonesia is still at experimental stages, and even though many institutions are ready to experiment with modern ICT-based courses, access and participation by students is still relatively low Belawati, It is the challenge for institutions in the developing country such as Indonesia to socialize and educate students, educators and the society in using ICT facilities for ODL enterprise Belawati, Developing research out of the consumer research paradigm, Mick and Fournier (Mick and Fournier, ) criticise the lack of research that focuses on the on the context of consumption, the pre- and post-adoption aspects of consumption and the role of.
Chapter 3 Research Design and Methodology Aims in a social system at a particular time in a generally stable situation. Others investigate Developing research out of the consumer research paradigm, Mick and Fournier (Mick and Fournier, ) criticise the lack of research that focuses on the on the context of.
The system design project, automated enrollment system that will provide the needed and storing information in a faster, more convenient way by storing file of the student enrollees in a computer system that will lessen the effort of faculty staff in. Tian Belawati Universitas Terbuka Indonesia Dr. Tian Belawati has a metin2sell.com in Agricultural Economics from Bogor Agricultural Institute, Bogor, Indonesia, and a metin2sell.com in Management of Distance Education from Simon Fraser University, Canada. Chapter 3 Research Design and Methodology Aims in a social system at a particular time in a generally stable situation. Others investigate Developing research out of the consumer research paradigm, Mick and Fournier (Mick and Fournier, ) criticise the lack of research that focuses on the on the context of.
Research title: Level of Competency among Fourth Year Nursing Students in Special Area Clinical Area (Nursery) Statement. of the Problem This study aims to determine the level of competency among fourth year nursing students in special clinical area (nursery). Paradigms - models or frameworks that are derived from a worldview or belief system about the nature of knowledge and existence.
Paradigms are shared by a scientific community and guide how a community of researchers act with regard to inquiry. Study and Design of Computerized Enrollment System - Documentation - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.
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