Sibert Honor Book This is a picture book describing the true story of a man, Sequoyah and how he invented the Cherokee written language. Sequoyah was born in the s into the Cherokee tribe in Tennessee. Although he was crippled he was able to work as a metalworker, making things like forks and spoons.
The Indians did not know how to write words by means of letters. There were, however, many things which they wished to remember, and they had found out several ways in which to record these. Thus among the Sacs and Foxes there is a long legend with songs telling about their great teacher, the good, wise, and kind Wisuka.
It is difficult to remember exactly such long narratives, but with objects to remind the reciter of each part, it is not so hard. This is a wooden box, usually kept carefully wrapped up in a piece of buckskin and tied with a leathern thong; in it are a variety of curious objects, each one of which reminds the singer or reciter of one part of the narrative.
Thus he is sure not to leave out any part. In the same way mystery men among other Algonkin tribes have pieces of birch bark upon which they scratch rude pictures, each of which reminds them of the first words of the different verses in their songs.
Such reminders are great helps to the memory. Among the Iroquois and some eastern Algonkins, they used, as we shall see, wampum belts to help remember the details of treaties or of important events. Among many tribes pictures were used for recording matters of importance.
Many Sioux chiefs have written the story of their life in pictures. They took several large sheets of paper and gummed the edges together so as to make one long strip. Upon this they made pictures representing the important incidents in their lives. More than a century ago a Sioux Indian determined to keep a count of the years and of their happenings.
His idea became popular, and a number of these winter counts were begun by other Indians. The most important of these is one which has been called the Dakota Calendar.
It belonged for a long time to an Indian named Lone Dog. The one he had was a copy on cloth from a still older one, which had been made upon a buffalo skin.
This count appears to have begun about the year Each year its maker selected some important event, by which the year was to be remembered, and made a picture for it. The first five or six pictures run in a nearly straight line to the left; the line of pictures then coils around and around this, the last picture always being added to the end of the coiled line.
The pictures are in black and red, and while rudely drawn, most of them can be easily recognized. Whooping-cough is a disease of which white people have little fear, but it is sometimes very destructive to Indians; in it was among the Sioux, and the picture for that year was a man coughing, as shown by lines diverging from in front of his mouth.
In the Sioux made a treaty of peace with the Cheyennes; the picture shows two hands extended for a friendly grasp.This guide is dedicated to all American Indian teachers, past and present, and all teachers of American Indians who empower their students.
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This is a biographical book about a native American named Sequoyah who created a writing system for the Cherokee language in the early s. It is a story of great perseverance and ingenuity. Sequoyah is a hero to his people because his creation allowed 4/5(70). Established in , American Indians in Children's Literature (AICL) provides critical perspectives and analysis of indigenous peoples in children's and young adult books, the school curriculum, popular culture, and society.