One head and one plan for a group of activities with the same objective 6. Subordination of individual interests to the general interest The interests of one individual or one group should not prevail over the general good. This is a difficult area of management 7. Remuneration Pay should be fair to both the employee and the firm 8.
Influence in organization leadership: To keep main emphasis on the distinction of the authoritarian leader and their followers, these types of leaders make sure to only create a distinct professional relationship. Direct super vision is what they believe to be key in maintaining a successful environment and follower ship.
In fear of followers being unproductive, authoritarian leaders keep close supervision and feel this is necessary in order for anything to be done.
The democratic leadership style: This style of leadership encompasses discussion, debate and sharing of ideas and encouragement of people to feel good about their involvement. However, the democratic style of leadership still requires guidance and control by a specific leader.
The democratic style demands the leader to make decisions on who should be called upon within the group and who is given the right to participate in, make and vote on decisions.
This was first described by Lewin, Lippitt, and White inalong with the autocratic leadership and the democratic leadership styles. The laissez-faire style is sometimes described as a "hands off" leadership style because the leader delegates the tasks to their followers while providing little or no direction to the followers.
If the leader withdraws too much from their followers it can sometimes result in a lack of productivity, cohesiveness, and satisfaction. Laissez-faire leaders allow followers to have complete freedom to make decisions concerning the completion of their work. It allows followers a high degree of autonomy and self-rule, while at the same time offering guidance and support when requested.
The laissez-faire leader using guided freedom provides the followers with all materials necessary to accomplish their goals, but does not directly participate in decision making unless the followers request their assistance DELEGATION: For example assistant manager can not pass his responsabilities to main manager.
That implies that development projects will address those community or group needs on which members have chosen to focus, and that all phases of the development process will be characterized by active involvement of community or organization members.
As a result of participation, all members of the group or community understand not only the goals and objectives of the project; they also understand the roles and responsibilities each member has in the implementation of the project.
Every decision making process produces a final choice. The output can be an action or an opinion of choice. The following figure shows the proper process of decision making Decision making involve the following steps:Macro organizational theory studies whole organizations and industries, including how they adapt, and the strategies, structures, and contingencies that guide them.
Concepts such as leadership, decision making, team building, motivation, and job satisfaction are all facets of organizational behavior and responsibilities of management.
Several theories allow us to explain organizational change and development. These proposals can be grouped in different ways. According to a framework designed under “mode of change” criteria. INF Overview of theories on organizations and management. Lars Groth 3. Organization – a permanent feature in human life: My notion is, I said, that a state comes into existence because no individual is self -sufficing; we all have many needs.
Examine different approaches to management and theories of organisation.
Evaluate how organisational structure and culture contribute to business success. To do this I need to answer the following questions in the form of a business report. Organizational theory then uses these patterns to formulate normative theories of how organizations function best.
Therefore, organizational theory can be used in order to learn the best ways to run an organization or identify organizations that are managed in such a way that they are likely to be successful. Organizational theory consists of approaches to organizational analysis.
Organizations are defined as social units of people that are structured and managed to meet a need, or to pursue collective goals.