Linguistic contacts through the history of

Subsequently, a wider body of work influenced Sanskrit scholars such as Ferdinand de SaussureLeonard Bloomfieldand Roman Jakobson. Frits Staal [8] discussed the possible European impact of Indian ideas on language.

Linguistic contacts through the history of

March 21, The Dravidian language family, consisting of 80 varieties spoken by nearly million people across southern and central India, originated about 4, years ago, a study has found. This estimate is based on new linguistic analyses by an international team, including researchers from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Germany, and the Wildlife Institute of India in Dehradun.

The researchers used data collected first-hand from native speakers representing all previously reported Dravidian subgroups. The findings, published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, match with earlier linguistic and archaeological studies. South Asia, reaching from Afghanistan in the west and Bangladesh in the east, is home to at least six hundred languages belonging to six large language families, including Dravidian, Indo-European and Sino-Tibetan.

The Dravidian language family, consisting of about 80 language varieties both languages and dialects is today spoken by about million people, mostly in southern and central India, and surrounding countries.

Neither the geographical origin of the Dravidian language nor its exact dispersal through time is known with certainty. The consensus of the research community is that the Dravidians are natives of the Indian subcontinent and were present prior to the arrival of the Indo-Aryans Indo-European speakers in India around 3, years ago.

Researchers said that it is likely that the Dravidian languages were much more widespread to the west in the past than they are today. In order to examine questions about when and where the Dravidian languages developed, they made a detailed investigation of the historical relationships of 20 Dravidian varieties.

Study author Vishnupriya Kolipakam of the Wildlife Institute of India collected contemporary first-hand data from native speakers of a diverse sample of Dravidian languages, representing all the previously reported subgroups of Dravidian.

Dravidian language family is 4, years old: study - The Hindu

The researchers used advanced statistical methods to infer the age and sub-grouping of the Dravidian language family at about 4, years old. This estimate, while in line with suggestions from previous linguistic studies, is a more robust result because it was found consistently in the majority of the different statistical models of evolution tested in this study.

This age also matches well with inferences from archaeology, which have previously placed the diversification of Dravidian into North, Central, and South branches at exactly this age, coinciding with the beginnings of cultural developments evident in the archaeological record.History.

The Gorilla Foundation was founded in , based on the results of a unique interspecies communication study with gorillas began in , by founder Dr. Francine Penny Patterson.

Linguistic contacts through the history of

After the aboriginal contact, the Germanic tribes speaking one language spread out across northern and Central Europe. By BC three major dialectal divisions had appeared in Germanic: East (the Goths), North (the Scandinavians), and West (ancestors of the English, Germans and Dutch).

This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. The digit and digit formats both work. If we consider the likely effects of the out of Africa hypothesis, we would expect that founding African populations not subject to active expansion and migration would have greater genetic diversity and that the genetic makeup of other world populations would come from a subset of the African diversity, consisting of those subgroups who migrated.

Linguistics History of the English Language

deal in its long history of cultural and linguistic contact with colonialism. Through superstrutum influence, the Shona have been compelled by circumstances to borrow and phonologize terms from the super languages, Portuguese and.

Photos: Although Tewodros turned the gun on himself in order to avoid being captured alive, the British soldiers took his young son, Prince Alemayehu Tewodros (who died .

Culture Out of Africa