He ruled from up until his death in
See Article History Alternative Title: From time to time, the emperor wrote Philip secret memoranda, impressing on him the high duties to which God had called him and warning him against trusting any of his advisers too much.
Philip, a very dutiful son, took this advice to heart. From Charles conferred on his son the regency of Spain whenever he himself was abroad. From untilPhilip traveled in ItalyGermanyand the Netherlands, but his great reserve and his inability to speak fluently any language except Castilian made him unpopular with the German and Flemish nobility.
The first was with his cousin Maria of Portugal in She died ingiving birth to the ill-fated Don Carlos. Elizabeth died inand in Philip married Anna of Austria, daughter of his first cousin the emperor Maximilian II. She died in Her only surviving son became Philip III. The Habsburg dominions in Germany and the imperial title went to his uncle Ferdinand I.
At this time Philip was in the Netherlands. After the victory over the French at Saint-Quentinthe sight of the battlefield gave him a permanent distaste for war, though he did not shrink from it when he judged it necessary. From Madrid he ruled his empire through his personal control of official appointments and all forms of patronage.
Method of government By sheer hard work Philip tried to overcome the defects of this system. His methods have become famous.
All work was done on paper, on the basis of consultas that is, memoranda, reports, and advice presented him by his ministers. In Madrid, or in the gloomy magnificence of his monastic palace of El Escorialwhich he built —84 on the slopes of the Sierra de Guadarrama, the king worked alone in his small office, giving his decisions or, as often, deferring them.
Nothing is known of his order of work, but all his contemporaries agreed that his methods dangerously, and sometimes fatally, slowed down a system of government already notorious for its dilatoriness.
Philip was painstaking and conscientious in his cravings for ever more information, hiding an inability to distinguish between the important and the trivial and a temperamental unwillingness to make decisions.
It was no exaggeration, for in the case of Juan de Escobedothe secretary of Don John of AustriaPhilip even consented to murder. An affectionate father to his daughters, he lived an austere and dedicated life. To accomplish the task set him by God of preserving his subjects in the true Catholic religion, Philip felt in duty bound to use his royal powers, if need be, to the point of the most ruthless political tyrannyas he did in the Netherlands.
The Newberry Library, Wing Fund, Foreign policy For the first 20 years of his reign, Philip sought to preserve peace with his neighbours in western Europe. He was fighting a major naval war with the Ottoman Empire in the Mediterranean and, fromhe was faced with rebellion and war in the Netherlands.
From the late s, his policy gradually changed. He had to conquer by force what he regarded as his just, hereditary rights, but the rest of Europe was alarmed at this growth in Spanish power. Gradually, in the s, Philip became convinced that the Catholic religion in western Europe, and his own authority in the Netherlands, could be saved only by open intervention against England and France.
To this end he fitted out the Armada that, with the help of the Spanish Army in the Netherlands, was intended to conquer England England and the northern Netherlands remained Protestant and unconquered.
He had defeated the great Ottoman offensive in the Mediterranean at the Battle of Lepanto Most important of all, in his own eyes, he had won great victories for the Catholic church. If England, Scotlandand the northern Netherlands were lost, the southern Netherlands modern Belgium had been preserved.Essay on Comparing King Louis XIV of France and King Philip II of Spain - The palace of Versailles was built by King Louis XIV of France and the Escorial was built by King Philip II of Spain.
The two kings each had their differences about their beliefs on how to rule, yet there are some similarities. Mar 22, · King Phillip II of Spain has hatched a dastardly plot to kill Queen Elizabeth and it revolves around a play by an unknown young playwright named Bill . Philip II of Spain (May 21, – September 13, ) was, starting in , king of Spain, Italy and Burgundy, the Netherlands, Free County, Naples, and overseas Spanish America.
He was born in Valladolid, and was the only son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V . King Philip II Of Spain Words | 7 Pages. King Philip II of Spain was a great King and the idea of The Spanish Armada was a good idea that he had come up with. From Booklist: Philip II of Spain has received an almost uniformly bad press; scholars, particularly English and American, generally portray him as a narrow-minded, religious fanatic who reacted with predictable brutality to any stirrings of liberal religious or political thought.
Philip II’s accomplishments originated him as a very well known king. Philip II was a hard-working ruler who was ushered in the Golden Age of Spain, being the most powerful nation. He was the most powerful monarch, he also helped the Catholic Church persecute Protestants during the Counter-Reformation.