Background[ edit ] While the Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary notes first use of the term heterosexism as having occurred inthe term was first published in by gay rights activistCraig Rodwell. In fact, the word heterosexualism has been used as an equivalent to sexism and racism. However, not all of these descriptors are synonymous to heterosexism.
Indeed, critics have also drawn attention to this factor in her collection of short stories, Cuentos de Eva Luna. Jacoba Koene, for example, reports that: In addition to this analysis of Allende's fiction, my aim is also to contribute to the more general debate in literary studies surrounding the romance genre.
It is with this debate that I begin my discussion, before undertaking closer textual analysis of Allende's story in a later part of this article.
Allende herself first became engaged in the polemic surrounding the romance genre at an earlier juncture of her career when, as a journalist, she spent some time translating romantic love stories for a living. So I changed the ending […]. And for a while no one noticed. But after some time the readers wouldn't buy that.
They hated it, because they wanted the predictable ending, where they know from the very first page what was going to happen—no surprises. And you have to be respectful with that. They want safe literature.
Or a safe story, let's say. Because that's not literature. However, while it may seem in the above quotation that Allende is colluding with the general devaluation or contempt for popular art, it is worth pointing out that she appears to be referring to the conventional romances that is, before she changed their endings as stories rather than literature, and not her own versions of them.
Indeed, in many other interviews, Allende has consistently affirmed the value and function of her subsequent use of romance in her fiction, in terms such as the following: First, her assertion of the merits of the romance genre challenges the values of the predominantly patriarchal literary establishment which, as Finnegan pointed out, cherishes above all novels of the politically-engaged experimental type.
Effectively, therefore, Allende's comments call for a reassessment of the values of the literary canon and market both in terms of the romance and, more generally, in terms of genre.
In this respect, Allende concurs with the work of many feminist scholars who have reappropriated the romance as a genre for scholarly research and study. For example, in her now classic book Reading the Romance: Women, Patriarchy and Popular Literature, Janice Radway comments that the romance is never simply a love story but [It] is also an exploration of the meaning of patriarchy for women.
As a result, it is concerned with the fact that men possess and regularly exercise power over them in all sorts of circumstances.
By picturing the heroine in relative positions of weakness, romances are not necessarily endorsing her situation, but examining an all-too-common state of affairs in order to display possible strategies for coping with it. If their writers are no longer apologizing for their activity, women critics are more than ever uncomfortable with these narratives.
Such discomfort is, to a certain extent, justified, but what is most striking is that it too seems to manifest a defensiveness which has not been felt through […] feminist critics seem to be strenuously disassociating themselves from the seductiveness of the feminine texts.
Romance, Jackson points out, is experienced in different ways by men and women across different cultures. The narrative of romance, then, is not about happiness achieved but about happiness frustrated or deferred, and it would not be an exaggeration to say, paradoxically, that the romance narrative is premised on lack of happiness, of love, of the right now.LeVey did refer to "Satanic revels" in his book "The Satanic Bible."However, he was referring to the seasonal days of celebration that various cultures observed between the solstices and equinoxes.
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This sample Heterosexuality Essay is published for informational purposes only. Free essays and research papers, are not written by our writers, they are contributed by users, so we are not responsible for the content of this free sample paper. The Stories of Eva Luna Isabel Allende.
Chilean short story writer, novelist, and memoirist. The following entry presents criticism of Allende's short story collection Cuentos de Eva Luna (The. Analyzing heterosexuality through Sullivan’s writings and Borden’s film, allows for the universal understanding of heterosexuality to be challenged.
Heterosexuality is consistent with dominant group membership and with beliefs, values, and institutions that support and are supported by that group. Overall, I enjoyed Katz's analysis, but it was a bit tough to get through. His overall thesis, that heterosexuality is seen as a universal norm based on an objective biological determinism, and that has allowed it to escape criticism or analysis, is pretty solid.