An examination of hammurabis codes of law

See Article History Code of Hammurabi, the most complete and perfect extant collection of Babylonian laws, developed during the reign of Hammurabi — bce of the 1st dynasty of Babylon. These case laws include economic provisions prices, tariffs, trade, and commercefamily law marriage and divorceas well as criminal law assault, theft and civil law slavery, debt. Penalties varied according to the status of the offenders and the circumstances of the offenses.

An examination of hammurabis codes of law

The laws varied according to social class and gender. Other rank-based penalties were even more significant. The Code also listed different punishments for men and women with regard to marital infidelity.

Men were allowed to have extramarital relationships with maid-servants and slaves, but philandering women were to be bound and tossed into the Euphrates along with their lovers. The Code established a minimum wage for workers.

Code of Hammurabi | Summary & History |

Several edicts in the Code referenced specific occupations and dictated how much the workers were to be paid. Doctors, meanwhile, were entitled to 5 shekels for healing a freeborn man of a broken bone or other injury, but only three shekels for a freed slave and two shekels for a slave. The Code includes one of the earliest examples of the presumption of innocence.

For example, when two parties had a dispute, legal protocol allowed them to bring their case before a judge and provide evidence and witnesses to back up their claims. Historians are still unsure of the role the Code played in Babylonian culture.

The statutes could have been a list of amendments to an even earlier and more expansive set of general laws, but they might also have acted as a set of judicial precedents compiled from real world cases. Some historians have even argued the Code was not a working legal document at all, but rather a piece of royal propaganda created to enshrine Hammurabi as a great and just ruler.

However the Code operated, there is little doubt that the pillar itself was intended for public display. The Code endured even after Babylon was conquered. Copying the Code also appears to have been a popular assignment for scribes-in-training.

In fact, fragments of the laws have been found on clay tablets dating to as late as the 5th century B. Historians believe the Elamite King Shutruk-Nahhunte plundered the four-ton slab during a 12th century B.

Shutruk-Nahhunte is thought to have erased several columns from the monument to make space for his own inscription, but no text was ever added.

Today, the pillar is kept on display at the Louvre Museum in Paris. We strive for accuracy and fairness. But if you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you.The Code of Hammurabi at, L.W.

King, translator. Sacred Texts Ancient Near East Index Previous Next If a man knock out the teeth of his equal, his teeth shall be knocked out. [A tooth for a tooth] If he knock out the teeth of a freed man, he shall pay one-third of a gold mina.

The Law Code Stele of King Hammurabi. Practice: Law Code of Hammurabi. This is the currently selected item. Kassite Art: Unfinished Kudurru.

Neo-Babylonian. Ishtar gate and Processional Way. Practice: Ishtar Gate. Towers of Babel. Next tutorial. Assyrian. The Code of Hammurabi. Translated by L.

W. King. When Anu the Sublime, King of the Anunaki, and Bel, CODE OF LAWS. 1. If any one ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he can not prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death.



If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into. Hammurabis code was one of the first written code of law in recorded history.

It spelled it the rules as well as the ___ for the citizens of Babylonia.

An examination of hammurabis codes of law

Hammurabi ruled ancient Babylonia and a good part of the Mesopotamian basin. The code of laws attributed to him is one of the earliest and most comprehensive of such law codification efforts.

King Hammurabi ruled Babylon, located along the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, from – BCE. During. "The Code of Hammurabi," Editio princeps, by V. Scheil in tome iv. of the Textes Elamites-Semitiques of the Memoires de la delegation en Perse (Paris, ); H.

Winckler, "Die Gesetze Hammurabis Konigs von Babylon um v.

The Avalon Project : Code of Hammurabi