The study of speech disorders Prevalence of speech disorders In the United States, statistics from the early 21st century compiled by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders revealed that approximately 5 percent of American children had detectable speech disorders by age six or seven. Disorders of articulation among young children were frequent.
Speech-language pathology Speech-language pathologists SLPs may provide individual therapy for the child to assist with speech production problems such as stuttering. They may consult with the child's teacher about ways in which the child might be accommodated in the classroom, or modifications that might be made in instruction or environment.
The SLP can also make crucial connections with the family, and help them to establish goals and techniques to be used in the home. Other service providers, such as counselors or vocational instructors may also be included in the development of goals as the child transitions into adulthood.
Simpler problems of speech, such as hoarseness or vocal fatigue voicing problems may be solved with basic instruction on how to modulate one's voice. Articulation problems could be remediated by simple practice in sound pronunciation. Fluency problems may be remediated with coaching and practice under the guidance of trained professionals, and may disappear with age.
However, more complicated problems, such as those accompanying autism or strokesmay require many years of one-on-one therapy with a variety of service providers.
In most cases, it is imperative that the families be included in the treatment plans since they can help to implement the treatment plans. The educators are also a critical link in the implementation of the child's treatment plan.
The professional teaches various strategies to the child, and the child works to apply them effectively in the classroom. For success in the educational environment, it is imperative that the SLP or other speech-language professional have a strong, positive rapport with the teacher s.
If speech is not practical for a patient, the SLP will work with the patient to decide upon an augmentative and alternative communication AAC method or device to facilitate communication. They may work with other patients to help them make sounds, improve voices, or teach general communication strategies.
They also work with individuals who have difficulties swallowing. In addition to offering these types of communication training services, SLPs also keep records of evaluation, progress, and eventual discharge of patients, and work with families to overcome and cope with communication impairments Bureau of Labor Statistics, In many cases, SLPs provide direct clinical services to individuals with communication or swallowing disorders.
SLPs work with physicians, psychologists, and social workers to provide services in the medical domain, and collaborate with educational professionals to offer additional services for students to facilitate the educational process.
Thus, speech-language services may be found in schools, hospitals, outpatient clinics, and nursing homes, among other settings. As with any professional practice that is informed by ongoing research, controversies exist in the fields that deal with speech and language disorders.
Down Syndrome Center at UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh. Welcome to the Down Syndrome Podcast Series provided by UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh and hosted by Kishore Vellody, MD, medical director of Children’s Down Syndrome metin2sell.com podcasts will focus on a wide range of issues related to down syndrome for parents, caregivers, educators, and medical professionals. Children with Down syndrome do learn to crawl and walk and talk; it just takes longer. Recent research and clinical experience suggests that, with regard to talking, these children benefit from early oral stimulation, oral-motor awareness and multiple experiences with oral sensory stimulation. The results of this study are important for speech pathologists and parents who are looking for evidence-based treatment techniques for children with Down Syndrome.
One such current debate relates to the efficacy of oral motor exercises and the expectations surrounding them. According to Lof,  non-speech oral motor exercises NS-OME includes "any technique that does not require the child to produce a speech sound but is used to influence the development of speaking abilities".
These sorts of exercises would include blowing, tongue push-ups, pucker-smile, tongue wags, big smile, tongue-to-nose-to-chin, cheek puffing, blowing kisses, and tongue curling, among others.
Additionally, these exercises are used for dysarthria, apraxia, late talkers, structural anomalies, phonological impairments, hearing impairments, and other disorders.
Practitioners assume that these exercises will strengthen articulatory structures and generalize to speech acts.In this study, 22 children with Down syndrome (between the ages of 6;7 and 10;3) initially completed tests of receptive language, cognitive function, oral reading, and PA. Reading and PA were reassessed approximately 9 months later.
Jenkins, C. () Expressive language delay in children with Down syndrome. Introduction. Speech and language is a major problem for many people with Down's syndrome.
In their study of adolescents with Down's syndrome, Buckley and Sacks ( p. 52) say. with Down Syndrome: Reprinted from Down Syndrome Quarterly, Volume 4, Number 3, September, Edited by William I.
Cohen M.D. for the Down Syndrome Medical Interest Group 1 Dedicated to the memories of Chris Pueschel and Thomas E. Elkins M.D., two individuals, who, each in his own way, has inspired us to provide compassionate care for individuals with Down Syndrome.
A new study indicates that children with Down syndrome who have motor speech deficits have been inadequately diagnosed, which could have a major impact on the interventions used by speech pathologists when treating patients.
Given the common speech intelligibility and phonological problems of children with Down syndrome, speech production should be assessed in connected speech in addition to single words to determine sound accuracy and the occurrence of phonological processes.
the language and communication characteristics of individuals with Down syndrome. Speech and language development can be challenging for many children with Down syndrome. Here is information that can help infants and toddlers begin learning to communicate, and help children and adolescents progress in speech and language.
Speech & Language Therapy for Infants, Toddlers & Young Children Speech and language present many challenges for children with [ ].