The ferry operator, Hornblower Cruises and Eventsalso provides service to the nearby Statue of Liberty. The city of New York and the private ferry operator at the time opposed proposals to use it or replace it with a pedestrian bridge. The renovated area on the north side was again closed to the public after Hurricane Sandy in October There were several islands which were not completely submerged at high tide.
Ellis Island is located in the upper bay just off the New Jersey coast, within the shadow of the Statue of Liberty. Through the years, this gateway to the new world was enlarged from its original 3.
Before being designated as the site of the first Federal immigration station by President Benjamin Harrison inEllis Island had a varied history.
The local Indian tribes had called it "Kioshk" or Gull Island. Due to its rich and abundant oyster beds and plentiful and profitable shad runs, it was known as Oyster Island for many generations during the Dutch and English colonial periods.
In this way, Ellis Island developed from a sandy island that barely rose above the high tide mark, into a hanging site for pirates, a harbor fort, ammunition and ordinance depot named Fort Gibson, and finally into an immigration station.
From Military Fort to National Gateway From to pre-immigration station periodEllis Island played a mostly uneventful but still important military role in United States history. When the British occupied New York City during the duration of the Revolutionary War, its large and powerful naval fleet was able to sail unimpeded directly into New York Harbor.
Therefore, it was deemed critical by the United States Government that a series of coastal fortifications in New York Harbor be constructed just prior to the War of After much legal haggling over ownership of the island, the Federal government purchased Ellis Island from New York State in The fort at Ellis Island was named Fort Gibson in honor of a brave officer killed during the War of Immigration Policy Embraces the Masses Prior tothe individual states rather than the Federal government regulated immigration into the United States.
Castle Garden in the Battery originally known as Castle Clinton served as the New York State immigration station from to and approximately eight million immigrants, mostly from Northern and Western Europe, passed through its doors.
These early immigrants came from nations such as England, Ireland, Germany and the Scandinavian countries and constituted the first large wave of immigrants that settled and populated the United States.
Throughout the s and intensifying in the latter half of the 19th century, ensuing political instability, restrictive religious laws and deteriorating economic conditions in Europe began to fuel the largest mass human migration in the history of the world. It soon became apparent that Castle Garden was ill-equipped and unprepared to handle the growing numbers of immigrants arriving yearly.
Unfortunately, compounding the problems of the small facility were the corruption and incompetence found to be commonplace at Castle Garden. The Federal government intervened and constructed a new Federally-operated immigration station on Ellis Island.
While the new immigration station on Ellis Island was under construction, the Barge Office at the Battery was used for the processing of immigrants. The new structure on Ellis Island, built of "Georgia pine" opened on January 1, Annie Moore, a teenaged Irish girl, accompanied by her two brothers, entered history and a new country as she was the very first immigrant to be processed at Ellis Island.
Over the next 62 years, more than 12 million were to follow through this port of entry. Ellis Island Burns and Years of Records Lost While there were many reasons to immigrate to America, no reason could be found for what would occur only five years after the Ellis Island Immigration Station opened.
During the early morning hours of June 15,a fire on Ellis Island burned the immigration station completely to the ground. Although no lives were lost, many years of Federal and State immigration records dating back to burned along with the pine buildings that failed to protect them.Ellis Island: Facts About the Immigration Center and Beyond – AM New York does an excellent job detailing the history of Ellis Island.
New York Harbor Parks: Ellis Island – Discover what you will see on Ellis Island today as well as its history here on this New York Harbor Parks website. Learn about the Ellis Island National Museum of Immigration ranger guided tours, self-guided tours and more. Millions of those who arrived on the shores of New York City hoping to start a new life here, passed through Ellis Island.
It is a location that played a significant role in the history of New York . Review data, maps, charts & graphs including demographic data, local research and interactives from Newsday. Newsday is the leading news source for Long Island & NYC. Ellis Island: Facts About the Immigration Center and Beyond: Explore this detailed history of Ellis Island provided by AM New York.
What America's Immigrants Looked Like When They Arrived on Ellis Island: Take a look back in history with this story and snapshots provided by the Washington Post.
History of Immigration to metin2sell.com