Cinematography is the illusion of movement by the recording and subsequent rapid projection of many still photographic pictures on a screen. A product of 19th century scientific endeavour, it has, over the past century, become an industry employing many thousands of people and a medium of mass entertainment and communication. Early cinema No one person invented cinema. However, in the Edison Company in the USA successfully demonstrated a prototype of the Kinetoscopewhich enabled one person at a time to view moving pictures.
The technology of film emerged mostly from developments and achievements in the fields of projectionlensesphotography and optics.
The use of a lens in a camera obscura has been dated back to The box-type camera would be adapted into a photographic camera in the s and s.
In or before the magic lantern was developed by Christiaan Huygens.
The Kiss () (aka The May Irwin Kiss) was the first film ever made of a couple kissing in cinematic history. May Irwin and John Rice re-enacted a lingering kiss for Thomas Edison's film camera in this second long short, from their Broadway stage play-musical The Widow Jones. The history of film began in the s, when motion picture cameras were invented and film production companies started to be established. Because of the limits of technology, films of the s were under a minute long and . The film went on to become the most successful martial arts film in cinematic history, popularized the martial arts film genre across the world, and cemented Bruce Lee's status as a cultural icon. Hong Kong action cinema, however, was in decline due to a wave of " Bruceploitation " films.
It projected slides that were usually painted in color on glass. A sketch by Huygens indicates that moving images may have been part of the earliest screenings. Around multi-media phantasmagoria spectacles were developed. Rear projection, animated slides, multiple projectors superimpositionmobile projectors on tracks or handheldprojection on smoke, sounds, odors and even electric shocks were used to frighten audiences with a convincing ghost horror experience.
In the 19th century several other popular magic lantern techniques were developed, including dissolving views and several types of mechanical slides that created dazzling abstract effects chromatrope, et cetera or that showed for instance falling snow or the planets and their moons revolving.
The basic stroboscopic principle that allowed the creation of motion pictures was discovered by Joseph Plateau in Belgium around December and published in January A very similar "Stroboscope Disc" was independently invented in Austria by Simon von Stampfer around the same time probably some weeks later.
Stampfer also mentioned several possible variations of his stroboscopic invention, including a cylinder similar to the later zoetrope as well as a long, looped strip of paper or canvas stretched around two parallel rollers somewhat similar to film and a theater-like frame much like the later praxinoscope theatre.
InFrancis Ronalds created an alternative technology — the first successful camera able to make continuous recordings of the varying indications of meteorological and geomagnetic instruments over time.
The cameras were supplied to numerous observatories around the world and some remained in use until well into the 20th century. The first motion sequence photographed in real-time, rather than consisting of a series of posed photographs, was created in the US in by British photographer Eadweard Muybridge.
Under the sponsorship of Leland Stanfordhe photographed a horse named Sallie Gardner in rapid motion by using a series of separate still cameras.
The experiment took place on June 15 at Stanford's stock farm in Palo Alto, Californiawith the press present, and was meant to determine whether a galloping horse ever had all four feet off the ground at the same time. The cameras were arranged in a line parallel to the edge of the track and spaced 27 inches apart.
Each camera shutter was triggered by a thread as the horse passed and each exposure was made in only one thousandth of a second. From to Muybridge also had silhouettes of his pictures painted onto glass discs to project the images onto a screen with a device he called a zoopraxiscopewhich can be regarded as the first movie projector.
His innovative process was an intermediate stage toward motion pictures and cinematography. He used the chronophotographic gun for studying animals and human locomotion. His Electrotachyscope used 24 images on a rotating glass disk. The first motion picture camera was invented by the Frenchman Louis Le Prince in the s, while working in LeedsEngland.
Le Prince had been inspired by Muybridge's pioneering experiments, and he patented his first invention, a lensed camera, in Although the camera was capable of 'capturing' motion, it was not a complete success because each lens photographed the subject from a slightly different viewpoint, with the result that foreground elements in the projected scene wove about relative to each other and to the background.
In May after much trial and error, Le Prince was finally able to develop and patent the first single-lensed motion picture camera in He used it to shoot the world's earliest known motion picture on film: He initially shot his motion pictures on gelatin or glass plates but later switched to the more suitable celluloidusing film 1.
Roundhay Garden Scenethe first known motion-picture film.
|Early cinema||Film Film History Technology Filmmaking Cinema The development of motion picture complexity has been driven by a continuing technological evolution, ignited and manipulated by human initiative and inventiveness, which has afforded filmmakers the opportunity to practice a more complex craft to tell more complex stories.|
|The rise of the film industry||Film as an art form has drawn on several earlier traditions in the fields such as oral storytellingliteraturetheatre and visual arts. By the 16th century necromantic ceremonies and the conjuring of ghostly apparitions by charlatan "magicians" and "witches" seemed commonplace.|
|History of film - Wikipedia||Early years, — Origins The illusion of motion pictures is based on the optical phenomena known as persistence of vision and the phi phenomenon. The first of these causes the brain to retain images cast upon the retina of the eye for a fraction of a second beyond their disappearance from the field of sight, while the latter creates apparent movement between images when they succeed one another rapidly.|
|Early years, 1830–1910||Many inventors, scientists, and manufacturers have observed the visual phenomenon that a series of individual still pictures set into motion created the illusion of movement - a concept termed persistence of vision.|
In Leeds inLe Prince presented the first purely photographic motion picture projection, using equipment he designed.The development of motion picture complexity has been driven by a continuing technological evolution, ignited and manipulated by human initiative and inventiveness, which has afforded filmmakers the opportunity to practice a more complex craft to.
The film went on to become the most successful martial arts film in cinematic history, popularized the martial arts film genre across the world, and cemented Bruce Lee's status as a cultural icon.
Hong Kong action cinema, however, was in decline due to a wave of " Bruceploitation " films. the ’s• At this period in time for cinema technology saw the development and creation of the first portable camera which is able to take exterior images of far away places• In saw the introduction of motorized cameras which replaced the hand crank camera• Later in saw the introduction of much bigger movie palaces to try and attract a bigger audience.
History of the motion picture: History of the motion picture, history of cinema from the 19th century to the present. Learn about the development of the first viable motion-picture camera and other technological advances and discover directors and movies that made key contributions to the film .
The history of the cinema is complex, and for every important innovator and movement listed here, others have been left out. Nonetheless, after reading this section you will understand the broad arc of the development of a medium that has captured the imaginations of audiences worldwide for over a century.
the ’s• At this period in time for cinema technology saw the development and creation of the first portable camera which is able to take exterior images of far away places• In saw the introduction of motorized cameras which replaced the hand crank camera• Later in saw the introduction of much bigger movie palaces to.